Post #44: China rising

When breakfasting with an executive from IBM this morning, we were reminded of the importance of blockchain. As IBM puts it succinctly, blockchain has the potential to do for trusted transactions what the internet did for information exchange. IBM stands in a strong position to make such an assertion given that it is the leading US patent holder in respect of blockchain. However, an analysis of data from the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) shows what a potentially significant role China may play in the evolution of this crucial future technology.

WIPO data reveals that whereas IBM holds 89 blockchain patents, it ranks only number-two globally, surpassed by Alibaba, just ahead with 90 patents. MasterCard and Bank of America rank third and fourth in the blockchain league table, but most interestingly, the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) occupies fifth place. Not only does it have more blockchain patents than, say, Google or Microsoft, but it is also the only Central Bank globally to rank in the top-ten. Overall, China leads the world with the largest number of blockchain patents, having had 790 awarded by the end of 2018, versus 762 in America.

What to conclude from the above? As the title of the blog post suggests, China’s positioning vis-à-vis blockchain is another strong example of its emerging technological supremacy. Interestingly, while the US (in the broadest sense; consider the views of the Federal Reserve, the Treasury and many large players within the financial system) has not made an active move to endorse the potential embodied by blockchain, China seems to be making a concerted effort to integrate it into the country’s financial system. Various influential figures within China have advocated publicly the notion that the PBOC may be the first Central Bank in the world to introduce a crypto-currency.

When we look more broadly, we see ongoing evidence of China rising. Blockchain is just one example among many. Consider that China now holds 34% of the world’s patents relating to 5G (per 13D Research) and has, to-date, filed twice as many patents as the US relating to quantum computing (per Bloomberg). President Xi has also said on the record that he wants China to “lead the world” in terms of artificial intelligence by 2030. This story is only going to continue to run.


The document is provided for information purposes only and does not constitute investment advice or any recommendation to buy, or sell or otherwise transact in any investments. The document is not intended to be construed as investment research. The contents of this document are based upon sources of information which Heptagon Capital believes to be reliable. However, except to the extent required by applicable law or regulations, no guarantee, warranty or representation (express or implied) is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this document or its contents and, Heptagon Capital, its affiliate companies and its members, officers, employees, agents and advisors do not accept any liability or responsibility in respect of the information or any views expressed herein. Opinions expressed whether in general or in both on the performance of individual investments and in a wider economic context represent the views of the contributor at the time of preparation. Where this document provides forward-looking statements which are based on relevant reports, current opinions, expectations and projections, actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in such statements. All opinions and estimates included in the document are subject to change without notice and Heptagon Capital is under no obligation to update or revise information contained in the document. Furthermore, Heptagon Capital disclaims any liability for any loss, damage, costs or expenses (including direct, indirect, special and consequential) howsoever arising which any person may suffer or incur as a result of viewing or utilising any information included in this document. 

The document is protected by copyright. The use of any trademarks and logos displayed in the document without Heptagon Capital's prior written consent is strictly prohibited. Information in the document must not be published or redistributed without Heptagon Capital's prior written consent. 

Heptagon Capital LLP, 63 Brook Street, Mayfair, London W1K 4HS
tel +44 20 7070 1800
fax +44 20 7070 1881
email [email protected] 

Partnership No: OC307355 Registered in England and Wales Authorised & Regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority 

Related Insights

Featured Insights
Featured Insights20 January 2021

Season 3, Post 3: Shop online, and help save the planet

Several times a day, it seems, the doorbell rings, the dog barks and yet another package is delivered to the Gunz household. This pattern – exacerbated under lockdown – is being repeated up and down the country and across much of the world. While the speed and convenience of online ordering is certainly desirable, a […]

Learn more
Featured Insights
Featured Insights15 January 2021

Season 3, Post 2: Hot topics in healthcare

The Westin St Francis hotel on Union Square in downtown San Francisco is normally where the great and good of the healthcare world descend during the second week of January. This year, of course, is far from normal and one of the industry’s largest conferences (organised by JP Morgan and now in its 39th year) […]

Learn more
Featured Insights
Featured Insights06 January 2021

Season 3, Post 1: The weird and wonderful

Welcome to 2021. Sign of the times perhaps, but the title for our opening Blog post of the year perhaps captures both our current and future assessment of the world. Uncertainty reigns as the pandemic rages, but this won’t stop dynamic innovation occurring across all industries. With the present so murky, what could be more […]

Learn more

Get The Updates

Separated they live in Bookmarks right at the coast of the famous Semantics, large language ocean Separated they live in Bookmarks right